summit elev. 3329 m
Etna volcano is sited on eastern side of Sicily island and is one of the most active volcanoes on the Earth and the largest in continental Europe. Its base diameter extends about 60 km (36mile) and its height is about 3329 m (10.918 feet). The origin of Etna volcano name may have been derived from the Phoenician word “athana” (furnace) or from the Greek and Latin verbs meaning to burn.
Etna volcano summit craters
The four Etna volcano summit craters are: the Bocca Nuova and the Voragine, formed in 1968 and 1945 , respectively, within the Central Crater; the Northeast Crater that exists since 1911 and is currently the highest point on Etna; and the Southeast Crater, born in 1971, which has recently been the most active of the four craters. This configuration contrasts strongly with that of one century ago, when at the summit of Etna there was only the Central Crater.
Its frequent volcanic activity and